martes, 13 de enero de 2009
MAIREAD CORRIGAN MAGUIRE // NOBEL PRIZE 1976
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Máiread Corrigan (born 27 January 1944), also known as Máiread Corrigan-Maguire, was the co-founder, with Betty Williams, of the Community of Peace People, an organization which attempts to encourage a peaceful resolution of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The two women were co-recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize.
Corrigan was born into a Roman Catholic family in Belfast, the second child of seven. She attended Catholic schools until the age of 14, then found a job as a secretary.
Corrigan became active with the peace movement after three children of her sister, Anne Maguire, were run over and killed by a car driven by Danny Lennon, an Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) man who was fatally shot by British troops while trying to make a getaway. Anne Maguire later committed suicide.
Betty Williams, had witnessed the event, and soon after the two co-founded Women for Peace, which later became the Community for Peace People.
By the end of the month Williams and Corrigan brought 35,000 people onto the streets of Belfast petitioning for peace between the republican and loyalist factions. She believed the most effective way to end the violence was not violence but re-education.
A book about Williams and Corrigan.
However, the venture ultimately petered out due to in large part to objections from Catholics that the Peace People were focusing entirely on Republican violence and ignoring Loyalist and state violence by the British security forces.
She received the Nobel Peace Prize, along with Betty Williams, in 1977 (the prize for 1976) for their efforts. At the age of 32, she is the youngest Nobel Peace Prize Laureate to date.
In 1981 she married Jackie Maguire, who was the widower of her late sister, Anne. She has three stepchildren and two of her own, John and Luke.
In 1990 Corrigan was awarded the Pacem in Terris Award. It was named after a 1963 encyclical letter by Pope John XXIII that calls upon all people of good will to secure peace among all nations. Pacem in Terris is Latin for 'Peace on Earth.'
She is member of the Honorary board of the International Coalition for the Decade of the culture of Peace and Nonviolence.
In 2006, Corrigan was one of the founders of The Nobel Women's Initiative along with sister Nobel Peace Laureates Betty Williams, Shirin Ebadi, Wangari Maathai, Jody Williams and Rigoberta Menchu Tum.
Six women representing North America and South America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa decided to bring together their experiences in a united effort for peace with justice and equality. It is the goal of the Nobel Women's Initiative to help strengthen work being done in support of women's rights around the world.
In 2004 she went to Israel and welcomed Mordechai Vanunu upon his release from prison, where he had served an 18-year prison sentence for disclosing Israel's nuclear secrets.
She is a member of the pro-life group Consistent Life Ethic, which is against abortion, capital punishment and euthanasia.
In April 2007, while participating in a protest against the construction of the West Bank barrier outside the Palestinian village of Bil'in, Israeli security forces intervened and Ms. Corrigan was hit by a rubber-coated steel bullet and inhaled tear gas, requiring medical attention.
^  Nobel Women's Initiative
^ 2007 hit by a rubber bullet and inhaled tear gas (Israeli report)
^ 2007 hit by a rubber bullet and inhaled tear gas (Irish report)
^ 2007 hit by a rubber bullet and inhaled tear gas (her own first-hand account)
Mairead Corrigan & Betty Williams
Mairead Corrigan Maguire
Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Mairead Corrigan
Mairead Corrigan - Nobel Curriculum Vitae
Irish Nobel Prize winners
Belfast (del irlandés Béal Feirste que significa "El vado arenoso en la desembocadura del río") es la capital de Irlanda del Norte, en el Reino Unido.