jueves, 4 de noviembre de 2010

John Lennon

John Lennon

John Lennon

Lennon rehearsing "Give Peace a Chance"
in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in 1969

Background information
Birth name John Winston Lennon

Born 9 October 1940(1940-10-09)
Liverpool, England, UK
Died 8 December 1980(1980-12-08) (aged 40)

New York, New York, US
Genres Rock, pop
Occupations Musician, singer-songwriter, record producer, artist, writer, peace activist
Instruments Vocals, guitar, piano, banjo, harmonica, bass guitar, Mellotron, recorder

Years active 1957–1975, 1980
Labels Parlophone, Capitol, Apple, EMI, Geffen, Polydor
Associated acts The Quarrymen, The Beatles, Plastic Ono Band, The Dirty Mac
Website JohnLennon.com

Notable instruments
Rickenbacker 325
Epiphone Casino
Gibson J-160E
Gibson Les Paul Junior

John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (9 October 1940 – 8 December 1980) was an English musician and singer-songwriter who achieved worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. Lennon and Paul McCartney formed one of the most successful songwriting partnerships of the 20th century.

Born and raised in Liverpool, Lennon became involved in the skiffle craze as a teenager, his first band, The Quarrymen, evolved into The Beatles in 196. As the group began to undergo the disintegration that led to their break-up at the end of that decade, Lennon launched a solo career that would span the next, punctuated by critically acclaimed albums, including John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band and Imagine, and iconic songs such as "Give Peace a Chance" and "Imagine".

Lennon revealed a rebellious nature and acerbic wit in his music, his writing, his drawings, on film, and in interviews, and he became controversial through his work as a peace activist. He moved to New York City in 1971, where his criticism of the Vietnam War resulted in a lengthy attempt by Richard Nixon's administration to deport him. His songs were adapted as anthems by the anti-war movement. He took a sabbatical from the music business in 1975 to devote time to his family but reemerged in 1980 with a comeback album, Double Fantasy, but was murdered three weeks after its release.

Lennon's solo album sales in the United States exceed 14 million units,[1] and as performer, writer, or co-writer he is responsible for 27 number one singles on the US Hot 100 chart.a In 2002, a BBC poll on the 100 Greatest Britons voted him eighth, and in 2008, Rolling Stone ranked him the fifth greatest singer of all time. He was posthumously inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1987 and into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994.

1 1940–57: Early years
2 1957-1980: Music career
2.1 1957–70: From the Quarrymen to The Beatles
2.1.1 1957–65: Formation, commercial breakout, and touring years
2.1.2 1966–70: Studio years, break-up and solo beginnings
2.2 1970–80: Solo career
2.2.1 1970–73: First post-Beatles years
2.2.2 1973–80: Lost and found
2.2.3 December 1980: Murder
3 Personal relationships
3.1 Cynthia Lennon
3.2 Brian Epstein
3.3 Julian Lennon
3.4 Yoko Ono
3.5 May Pang/The Lost Weekend
3.6 Sean Lennon
3.7 Former Beatles
4 Political activism
4.1 Anti-war and civil rights activities
4.2 Deportation attempt
4.3 FBI surveillance and de-classified documents
5 Musicianship, writing and art
5.1 Instruments played
5.2 Vocal style
5.3 Writing and art
6 Legacy
6.1 Awards and sales
6.2 Monuments
7 Discography
8 Notes
9 Citations
10 References
11 Further reading
12 External links

1940–57: Early years
Lennon was born on 9 October 1940 in Liverpool Maternity Hospital, Oxford Street, Liverpool, to Julia and Alfred Lennon. According to some biographers, a German air raid was taking place, and Julia's sister, Mary "Mimi" Smith, used the light cast by the explosions to see her way as she ran through the blacked-out back roads to reach the hospital.[2] Smith said later, "I knew the moment I saw John in that hospital that I was the one to be his mother, not Julia. Does that sound awful? It isn't, really, because Julia accepted it as something perfectly natural. She used to say, 'You're his real mother. All I did was give birth.'"[3] Lennon was named after his paternal grandfather, John "Jack" Lennon, and Winston Churchill.[4]

Mendips, the home of George and Mimi Smith, where Lennon lived for most of his childhood and adolescenceHis father was a merchant seaman during World War II and was often away from home. At first he sent regular pay cheques to 9 Newcastle Road, Liverpool, where Lennon lived with his mother, but the cheques stopped when Alfred Lennon went absent without leave in 1943.[5] When he eventually came home in 1944, he offered to look after the family, but his wife (who was pregnant with another man's child) rejected the idea.[6] Under considerable pressure, she handed the care of Lennon over to her sister after the latter registered a complaint with Liverpool's Social Services. In July 1946, his father visited Smith and took his son to Blackpool, secretly intending to emigrate to New Zealand with him.[7] Lennon's mother followed them, and, after a heated argument, his father forced the five-year-old to choose between his parents. Lennon chose his father—twice. As his mother walked away, he began to cry and followed her. Lennon then lost contact with his father for 20 years.[8]

Throughout the rest of his childhood and adolescence, Lennon lived with his aunt and uncle, Mimi and George Smith, at Mendips, 251 Menlove Avenue, Woolton. The couple had no children of their own. His aunt bought him volumes of short stories, and his uncle, who was a dairyman at his family's farm, bought him a mouth organ and engaged him in solving crossword puzzles.[9] Lennon's mother visited Mendips almost every day, and when he was 11 he often visited her at 1 Blomfield Road, Liverpool. She played him Elvis Presley records, and taught him to play the banjo. The first song he learned to play was Fats Domino's "Ain't That a Shame".[10] Lennon's mother bought him his first guitar in 1957, a cheap Gallotone Champion acoustic "guaranteed not to split". She arranged for it to be delivered to her own house, knowing that her sister, sceptical of Lennon's claim that he would be famous one day, hoped he would grow bored with music, often telling him, "The guitar's all very well, John, but you'll never make a living out of it".[11] Lennon was raised as an Anglican and attended Dovedale Primary School.[12] From September 1952 to 1957, after passing his Eleven-Plus exam, he attended Quarry Bank High School in Liverpool, where he was known as a "happy-go-lucky" pupil, drawing comical cartoons and mimicking his teachers.[13] At the end of his third year, his school report was damning: "Hopeless. Rather a clown in class. A shocking report. He is wasting other pupils' time", he was 14 when his uncle died in June 1955.[14] In September 1980 Lennon said this about his childhood, his family and his rebellious nature:

Part of me would like to be accepted by all facets of society and not be this loudmouthed lunatic musician. But I cannot be what I am not. Because of my attitude, all the other boys' parents ... instinctively recognised what I was, which was a troublemaker, meaning I did not conform and I would influence their kids, which I did. ... I did my best to disrupt every friend's home ... Partly, maybe, it was out of envy that I didn't have this so-called home. But I really did ... There were five women who were my family. Five strong, intelligent women. Five sisters. One happened to be my mother. ... She just couldn't deal with life. She had a husband who ran away to sea and the war was on and she couldn't cope with me, and when I was four and a half, I ended up living with her elder sister ... those women were fantastic ... That was my first feminist education ... that knowledge and the fact that I wasn't with my parents made me see that parents are not gods.[15]

Lennon and Powell began dating in 1957 after going for a drink in the Ye Cracke pub on Rice Street, Liverpool.Lennon regularly visited his cousin Stanley Parkes in Fleetwood. Seven years Lennon's senior, Parkes frequently took him on trips, and the pair enjoyed films together at the local cinema. During the school holidays, Parkes often visited Lennon with Leila, another cousin, and they would all go to Blackpool on the tram two or three times a week to watch shows. They would visit the Blackpool Tower Circus and see artists such as Dickie Valentine, Arthur Askey, Max Bygraves and Joe Loss. Parkes recalls that Lennon particularly liked George Formby. They regularly passed Formby's house on the bus journey from Preston to Fleetwood, often spotting the singer and his wife sitting in deck chairs in their front garden and exchanging waves with them. Parkes and Lennon were keen fans of the Fleetwood Flyers speedway club and Fleetwood Town FC. After Parkes's family moved to Scotland, the three cousins often spent their school holidays together there. Parkes recalled, "John, cousin Leila and I were very close. From Edinburgh we would bundle into the car and head up to the family croft at Durness. That went on from about the time John was nine years old until he was about 16".[16]

Lennon failed all his GCE O-level examinations, and was only accepted into the Liverpool College of Art after his aunt and headmaster intervened. Once at the college, he wore Teddy Boy clothes and acquired a reputation for disrupting classes and ridiculing teachers. As a result, he was excluded from first the painting class and then the graphic arts course. He was threatened with expulsion for his behaviour, which included sitting on a nude model's lap during a life drawing class.[17] He failed an annual exam, despite help from fellow student and future wife Cynthia Powell, and dropped out of college before his final year.[18] On 15 July 1958, when Lennon was 17, his mother, out walking near the Smiths' house, was struck by a car and killed.[19]

1957-1980: Music career
1957–70: From the Quarrymen to The Beatles
Further information: The Quarrymen, Lennon/McCartney, The Beatles, Beatlemania, British Invasion, and More popular than Jesus
1957–65: Formation, commercial breakout, and touring years

Lennon playing with The Beatles in 1964 at the height of Beatlemania.Lennon formed The Beatles with members of his first band, the Quarrymen. Named after Quarry Bank High School, the skiffle group was established by Lennon in March 1957 when he was 16. He first met Paul McCartney at their second concert, held in Woolton on 6 July at the St. Peter's Church garden fête, after which McCartney joined the band.[20] McCartney's father said Lennon would get him "into a lot of trouble", but later allowed the band to rehearse in the front room at 20 Forthlin Road, where Lennon and McCartney began writing songs together.[21] Lennon was 18 when he wrote his first song ("Hello Little Girl", a UK top 10 hit for the Fourmost nearly five years later).[22] George Harrison joined the band as lead guitarist, and Stuart Sutcliffe, Lennon's friend from art school, joined as bassist.[23] Lennon, McCartney, Harrison and Sutcliffe became "The Beatles" after the other members left. McCartney said later that Lennon was always considered the leader: "We all looked up to John. He was older ... the quickest wit and the smartest".[24]

In August 1960, The Beatles were contracted for a 48-night engagement in Hamburg, Germany, and they added drummer Pete Best to their group.[25] Lennon was now 19; his aunt, horrified when he told her about the trip, pleaded with him to continue his art studies instead.[26] After the first Hamburg stint, the band accepted another in April 1961, and a third in April 1962. Like the other band members, Lennon was introduced to Preludin while in Hamburg, and regularly took the drug, as well as amphetamines, as a stimulant during their long, overnight performances.[27]

Brian Epstein, The Beatles' manager from 1962, had no prior experience of artist management, but nevertheless had a strong influence on their early dress code and attitude on stage.[28] Lennon initially resisted Epstein's attempts to encourage the band to present a professional appearance, but eventually complied, saying, "I'll wear a bloody balloon if somebody's going to pay me".[29] McCartney took over on bass after Sutcliffe's death the same year, and drummer Ringo Starr replaced Best, completing the four-piece line-up that would endure until the group's break-up in 1970. Lennon married Cynthia in August. The band's first single, "Love Me Do", was released in October and reached number 17 on the British charts. They recorded their debut album, Please Please Me, in under 10 hours on 11 February 1963—a day when Lennon was suffering the effects of a cold.[30] The Lennon/McCartney songwriting partnership yielded eight of its fourteen tracks. With few exceptions—one being the album title itself—Lennon in 1963 had yet to bring his love of wordplay to bear on his song lyrics: "the words were almost irrelevant".[31]

The Beatles achieved mainstream success in the UK around the start of 1963. Lennon was away from home, touring with the band, when his first son, Julian, was born in April. During their Royal Variety Show performance, attended by the Queen Mother and other British royalty, Lennon poked fun at his audience: "For our next song, I'd like to ask for your help. For the people in the cheaper seats, clap your hands... and the rest of you, if you'll just rattle your jewellery."[32] After a year of Beatlemania in the UK, the group's historic February 1964 US debut appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show marked their breakthrough to international stardom. A two-year period of constant touring, moviemaking, and songwriting followed, during which Lennon wrote two books, In His Own Write and A Spaniard in the Works.[33] The Beatles received recognition from the British Establishment when they were appointed Members of the Order of the British Empire in the 1965 Queen's Birthday Honours.[34]

1966–70: Studio years, break-up and solo beginnings
Lennon expressed a growing concern that fans attending Beatles concerts were unable to hear the music over the noise of the screaming. He also felt that the band's musicianship was beginning to suffer as a result.[35] The repertoire was by now dominated by Lennon/McCartney songs, whose lyrics were receiving greater attention from the writers than in the partnership's early days. Lennon's "Help!" expressed his own feelings in 1965: "I meant it ... It was me singing 'help'".[36] He had put on weight (he would later refer to this as his "Fat Elvis" period)[37] and felt he was subconsciously crying out for help and seeking change.[38] The following January he was unknowingly introduced to LSD when his dentist, hosting a dinner party attended by Lennon and Harrison and their wives, spiked the guests' coffee with the drug.[39] Told what their host had done, and advised not to leave his house because of the likely effects, they left anyway in disbelief, only to be transported into a world of hallucination during their journey home, where the buildings around them seemed to be on fire; "We were all screaming ... hot and hysterical."[40] Another catalyst for change occurred a few months later in March. During an interview with Evening Standard reporter Maureen Cleave, Lennon remarked, "Christianity will go. It will vanish and shrink... We're more popular than Jesus now—I don't know which will go first, rock and roll or Christianity."[41] Lennon's comment went virtually unnoticed in England but created a controversy when quoted by American teen magazine Datebook five months later. The uproar that followed—burning of Beatles records, Ku Klux Klan activity, and threats against Lennon—contributed to the band's decision to stop touring.

Deprived of the routine of live performances after their final commercial concert in 1966, Lennon felt lost and considered leaving the band.[42] Since his involuntary introduction to LSD in January, he had made increasing use of the drug, and was almost constantly under its influence for much of the year. In the words of music historian Jonathan Gould, "More than any of the other Beatles, John Lennon's involvement with LSD over the course of 1966 had the aura of personal quest."[43] Lennon "turned his attention inward with the help of LSD, in the hope that this drastic form of introspection might wean him from his dependence on the persona of Beatle John", and spent "long hours in diffuse contemplation, wandering the corridors of his mind."[44] According to biographer Ian MacDonald, Lennon's continuous experience with LSD during the year brought him "close to erasing his identity".[45] His use of the drug began to profoundly affect his songwriting, both as a product of his self-examination, and in what Gould calls the "hallucinatory imagery" he captured in his lyrics.[46] During 1967 he appeared in his only non–Beatles film, the black comedy How I Won the War. The same year, the group's landmark album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band revealed Lennon lyrics contrasting strongly with the simple love songs of the Lennon/McCartney partnership's early years. Gould calls "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" "a song like no other love song John Lennon had ever written, a chaste, ethereal fairy tale in which Boy meets Girl, Boy loses Girl, and then keeps on meeting her and losing her again".[47] Evidencing Lennon's surrealistic lyricism in full force, "The dreamy pursuit continues across a surreal landscape of gargantuan flowers, then on via 'newspaper taxis' to ... a train in a station, and a final fleeting glimpse of the girl with kaleidoscope eyes."[47] In August, introduced to the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, the group attended a weekend of personal instruction at his Transcendental Meditation seminar in Bangor, Wales.[48] They later travelled to his ashram in India for further guidance, and while there composed most of the songs for The Beatles and Abbey Road.[49]

The group were shattered by the sudden death of Epstein during the Bangor seminar. "I knew we were in trouble then", Lennon said later. "I didn't have any misconceptions about our ability to do anything other than play music, and I was scared".[50] McCartney orchestrated the group's first post-Epstein project, the film Magical Mystery Tour, which proved to be their first critical flop. Its soundtrack album, Magical Mystery Tour, was a commercial success, with lyrics once again infused with Lennon surrealism. Describing "I am the Walrus", Gould writes, "For readers of Lewis Carroll, the Walrus and the Eggman are unmistakable characters from the pages of Through the Looking Glass.[51] In "Strawberry Fields Forever", Lennon used simple phrases to powerful effect: "'Strawberry fields ... Nothing is real.' Sharing a rhythm and a rhyme, these two phrases—the image and the ethos—are fused in meaning for the duration of the song."[52] With Epstein gone, the band members were becoming increasingly involved in business activities, and in February 1968 they formed Apple Corps, a multimedia corporation comprising Apple Records and several other subsidiary companies. Lennon described the venture as an attempt to "see if we can get artistic freedom within a business structure".[53] However, Lennon's increased drug experimentation, his growing preoccupation with Yoko Ono, and McCartney's own marriage plans left Apple in need of professional management. Lennon asked Lord Beeching to take on the role, but he declined, advising Lennon to get back to making records. Lennon approached Allen Klein, who had managed The Rolling Stones and other bands during the British Invasion. Klein was appointed against McCartney's wishes.[54]

"Give Peace a Chance"

Original name, John Winston Lennon; name legally changed, April 22, 1969; born October 9, 1940, in Liverpool, England; died of gunshot wounds, December 8,1980, in New York, NY; son of Alfred (a merchant seaman, dishwasher, and porter) and Julia (Stanley) Lennon; married Cynthia Powell, August 23, 1962 (divorced, November 8, 1968); married Yoko Ono (an artist and singer), March 20,1969; children: (first marriage) John Charles Julian (a musician); (second marriage) Kyoko (stepdaughter), Sean Ono Taro (a musician). Career: Actor, musician, composer, producer, director and writer. Nurk Twins, band member, 1957; Quarrymen, co-founder and member of musical group, 1958; Moondogs, member of trio, 1959; Silver Beatles, band member, 1960; premiered with the Beatles, Liverpool, England, 1960; The Beatles, band member, 1960-70. Apple Boutique, London, co-owner, 1967-68; Apple Corp. Ltd., London, partner, beginningin 1968. Plastic Ono Band, founder and band member, 1969; also performed asa solo musical artist, 1970-80. Awards, Honors: Foyles Literary Prize,1964, for In His Own Write; Grammy Award (with the Beatles), best newartists, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, 1964; Grammy Awardnomination (with the Beatles), best original score for a motion picture or television show, 1964, for A Hard Day's Night; Grammy Award nomination(with Paul McCartney), song of the year, 1964, for "A Hard Days Night;" decorated Order of the British Empire, 1965; Grammy Award nomination (with Paul McCartney), song of the year, 1965, for "Yesterday;" Grammy Award nomination (with the Beatles), best original score for motion picture or television show,1965, for Help!; Grammy Award (with McCartney), song of the year, 1966, for "Michelle;" Grammy Awards (with the Beatles), album of the year, best album cover, best contemporary rock and roll recording, and best engineered recording, all 1967, for Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band; Grammy Award nomination (with McCartney), song of the year, 1968, for "Hey Jude;" Grammy Award (with the Beatles), best engineered recording, 1969, for Abbey Road; Grammy Award nomination (with the Beatles), best original score fora motion picture or television special, 1969, for Yellow Submarine; Grammy Award (with the Beatles), best original score for music or television, 1970, for Let It Be; Grammy Award nominations (with McCartney), song ofthe year and best contemporary song, and Academy Award (with the Beatles) best original song score, all 1970, for "Let It Be;" Ivor Novello Award (with the Beatles), 1970, for "Get Back" and "Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da;" Trustee Award (with the Beatles), National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, 1972; Grammy Award nomination (with the Beatles), cast show album, 1978, for Beatlemania; Grammy Award (with Yoko Ono), album of the year, 1981, for DoubleFantasy; Grammy Award nomination (with Ono), spoken word or non-musicalrecording, 1981, for Heart Play (Unfinished Dialogue); posthumously inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 1988; Lifetime Achievement Award, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, 1991; numerous gold and platinum albums.

Musician, actor, composer, producer, director, writer
Birth Details
October 9, 1940
Liverpool, England
Death Details
December 8, 1980
New York, New York, United States
Famous Works

Film Appearances
John, A Hard's Day Night, United Artists, 1964
The Beatles at Shea Stadium, 1965
John, Help! (also known as Eight Arms to Hold You), UnitedArtists, 1965
Gripweed, How I Won the War, United Artists, 1967
Voice of himself, Yellow Submarine (animated), United Artists, 1968
Himself, The Magic Christian, Commonwealth, 1970
Himself, Let It Be, United Artists, 1970
Himself, Dynamite Chicken, EYP Programs, 1971
Fire in the Water, 1977
Himself in archival footage, Scenes from the Life of Andy Warhol,1982
Himself in archival footage, The Compleat Beatles, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1982
Himself in archival footage, Ready Steady Go, Volume 1, 1983
Himself in archival footage, Ready Steady Go, Volume 2, 1985
Himself in archival footage, Rock 'n' Roll Goldmine: The Sixties (also known as Casey Kasem's Rock 'n' Roll Goldmine: The Sixties), 1986
Himself in archival footage, Rolling Stone: The First Twenty Years(documentary), 1987
Himself in archival footage, Chuck Berry Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll, 1987
Himself in archival footage and narrator, Imagine: John Lennon (documentary), 1988
The Dirty Mac, The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus (documentary), 1995
Himself in archival footage, The History of Rock 'n' Roll, Volume 3 (also known as Britain Invades, America Fights Back), 1995
Film Work
Creator and director, Apothesis (short), 1971
Also created several short films, including Erection, Cold Turkey, and The Ballad of John and Yoko.
Television Appearances
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, 1963 Royal Command Performance (also known as Royal Variety Show), ITV, 1963
What's Happening! The Beatles in the U.S.A., 1964
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, Around the Beatles, ITV, 1964
Rock and Roll Circus, 1968
Host, John Lennon and Yoko Ono Present the One-to-One Concert, 1972
The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus, 1996
Juke Box Jury, BBC, 1963
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, Parnell's Sunday Night atthe London Palladium, Anglia TV, 1963
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, The Morecambe and Wise Show, Anglia TV, 1963
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, The Jack Paar Show, NBC, 1964
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, The Ed Sullivan Show,CBS, 1964 and 1965
Lavatory Attendant, Not Only-But Also.., BBC, 1965
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, The Morecambe and Wise Show, BBC, 1969
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, Ready, Steady, Go! (rebroadcast of the 1960s series), The Disney Channel, 1990
Also appeared in Ready, Steady, Go! A-R, in the 1960s.
Other Television Appearances
Himself, Magical Mystery Tour (movie), BBC, 1967
The Beatles Anthology (miniseries), 1995
Television Work
Director and producer (with others), Magical Mystery Tour, BBC, 1967
Stage Work
Co-creator, Oh! Calcutta!, Eden Theatre, 1969
Composer, Beatlemania, Winter Garden Theatre, New York City, 1977
Radio Appearances
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, Pop Go the Beatles, BBC, 1963
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, The Beatles, Popgrupp fran Liverpool pa Besoek i Stockholm (title means The Beatles, Pop Groupfrom Liverpool Visiting Stockholm), Sverige Radio, 1963
Himself and song performer with the Beatles, 1963 Royal Command Performance (also known as Royal Variety Show; highlights from the television special), BBC, 1963
Albums with the Beatles
Introducing.the Beatles, Vee-Jay, 1963
Please Please Me, EMI, 1963
With the Beatles, EMI, 1963
Songs, Pictures, and Stories, Vee-Jay, 1964
The Beatles' Second Album, Capitol, 1964
Something New, Capitol, 1964
Beatles VI, Capitol, 1964
A Hard Day's Night, EMI, 1964
Meet the Beatles, Capitol, 1964
The Beatles for Sale, Parlophone, 1964, EMI, 1965
Beatles '65, Capitol, 1965
Sing a Song with the Beatles, Tower, 1965
Help!, EMI, 1965
Rubber Soul, Parlophone, 1965
Yesterday.and Today, Capitol, 1966
Revolver, EMI, 1966
A Collection of Beatle Oldies, Parlophone, 1966
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, EMI, 1967
Magical Mystery Tour, EMI, 1967
The Beatles: The White Album, Apple, 1968
Yellow Submarine, Apple, 1969
Abbey Road, Apple, 1969
Let It Be, Apple, 1970
Hey Jude (Or the Beatles Again) (compilation), Capitol, 1970 Ads by Google
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Spa -70 %Ahorrá en tu ciudad hasta un70% en Ofertas de Spa. ¡Ahora!www.GROUPON.com.ar/Buenos_AiresThe Beatles-Circa 1960-in the Beginning, Polydor, 1970
The Beatles 1962-1966, Apple, 1973
The Beatles 1967-1970, Apple, 1973
Rock 'n' Roll Music, Capitol, 1976
The Beatles Live at the Hollywood Bowl, Capitol, 1977
The Beatles Live! At the Star Club in Hamburg, Germany: 1962, Lingagon, 1977
Love Songs, Capitol, 1977
Rarities, Capitol, 1979
Dawn of the Silver Beatles, PAC, 1981
Reel Music, Capitol, 1982
Twenty Greatest Hits, Capitol, 1982
All Our Loving, 1987
Past Masters Volume One, Parlophone, 1988
Past Masters Volume Two, Parlophone, 1988
Live at the BBC, Apple/Capitol, 1994
The Ultimate Box Set, Capitol, 1995
Beatles Anthology One, Apple/Capitol, 1995
Beatles Anthology Two, Apple/Capitol, 1996
Beatles Anthology Three, Capitol, 1996
Singles with the Beatles
"I Want to Hold Your Hand"/"I Saw Her Standing There," Capitol, 1964
"Can't Buy Me Love"/"You Can't Do That," Capitol, 1964
"A Hard Day's Night"/"I Should Have Known Better," Capitol, 1964
"I'll Cry Instead"/"I'm Happy Just to Dance with You," Capitol, 1964
"And I Love Her"/"If I Fell," Capitol, 1964
"Matchbox"/"Slow Down," Capitol, 1964
"I Feel Fine"/"She's a Woman," Capitol, 1964
"Eight Days a Week"/"I Don't Want to Spoil the Party," Capitol, 1965
"Ticket to Ride"/"Yes It is," Capitol, 1965
"Help"/"I'm Down," Capitol, 1965
"Yesterday"/"Act Naturally," Capitol, 1965
"Twist and Shout"/"There's a Place," Capitol Starline, 1965
"Love Me Do"/"P.S. I Love You," Capitol Starline, 1965
"Please Please Me"/"From Me to You," Capitol Starline, 1965
"Do You Want to Know a Secret"/"Thank You Girl," Capitol Starline, 1965
"Roll Over Beethoven"/"Misery," Capitol Starline, 1965
"Boys"/"Kansas City"-"Hey Hey Hey Hey," Capitol Starline, 1965
"We Can Work It Out"/"Day Tripper," Capitol, 1965
"Nowhere Man"/"What Goes On," Capitol, 1966
"Paperback Writer"/"Rain," Capitol, 1966
"Yellow Submarine"/"Eleanor Rigby," Capitol, 1967
"Penny Lane"/"Strawberry Fields Forever," Capitol, 1967
"All You Need Is Love"/"Baby You're a Rich Man," Capitol, 1967
"Hello Goodbye"/"I Am the Walrus," Capitol, 1967
"Lady Madonna"/"The Inner Light," Capitol, 1968
"Hey Jude"/"Revolution," Apple, 1968
"Get Back"/"Don't Let Me Down," Apple, 1969
"The Ballad of John and Yoko"/"Old Brown Shoe," Apple, 1969
"Something"/"Come Together," Apple, 1969
"Let It Be"/"You Know My Name (Look Up the Number)," Apple, 1970
"The Long and Winding Road"/"For You Blue," Apple, 1970
"Got to Get You into My Life"/"Helter Skelter," Capitol, 1976
"Ob-La-Di Ob-La-Da"/"Julia," Capitol, 1976
"Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band"/"With a Little Help from My Friends"/"A Day in the Life," Capitol, 1978
"The Beatles' Movie Medley"/"I'm Happy Just to Dance with You," Capitol,1982
"Love Me Do"/"P.S. I Love You," Capitol, 1982
Albums with Yoko Ono
Unfinished Music No. 1: Two Virgins, Apple, 1968
Unfinished Music No. 2: Life with the Lions, Apple, 1969
Wedding Album, Apple, 1969
Some Time in New York City, Apple, 1972
Double Fantasy, Geffen, 1980
Milk and Honey, Polydor, 1984
Albums with The Plastic Ono Band
The Plastic Ono Band-Live Peace in Toronto, Apple, 1969
Plastic Ono Band, Apple, 1970
Solo Albums
Imagine, Apple, 1971
Mind Games, Apple, 1973
Approximately Infinite Universe, Apple, 1973
Feeling the Space, Apple, 1973
Walls and Bridges, Apple, 1974
Rock 'n' Roll, Apple, 1975
Shaved Fish, Apple, 1975
Roots, Adam, 1975
John Lennon Box Set, Parlophone, 1981
The John Lennon Collection, Geffen, 1982
Heart Play: Unfinished Dialogue, Polydor, 1983
Reflections and Poetry, Silhouette, 1984
Menlove Avenue, Capitol, 1986
John Lennon: Live in New York City, Capitol, 1986
Imagine John Lennon: Music from the Original Motion Picture, Capitol, 1988
Lennon, Capitol, 1990
Lennon Legend: The Very Best of John Lennon, Apple/Parlophone, 1997
Composer (with others), Unless Otherwise Noted
A Hard Day's Night, United Artists, 1964
The Beatles at Shea Stadium, 1965
Help! (also known as Eight Arms to Hold You), United Artists, 1965
Yellow Submarine (animated), United Artists, 1968
Let It Be, United Artists, 1970
Writer (with others), Oh! Calcutta!, 1972
All This and World War II, 1976
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, 1978
I Wanna Hold Your Hand, Universal, 1978
Beatlemania (also known as Beatlemania: The Movie), 1981
The Compleat Beatles, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1982
Yesterday, 1985
He Stands in a Desert Counting the Seconds of His Life, 1985
Imagine: John Lennon (documentary), 1988
Get Back, 1991
Composer for the video The Beatles: The First U.S. Visit, 1994.
What's Happening! The Beatles in the U.S.A. (special), 1964
The Beatles (series), 1965
Magical Mystery Tour (movie), BBC, 1967
The Beatles Anthology (miniseries), 1995
Stage Plays
(With Adrienne Kennedy and Victor Spinetti) The Lennon Play (one act; adapted from In His Own Write and A Spaniard in the Works),produced at the National Theatre, London, 1968, published by Cape, 1968, Simon & Schuster, 1969
In His Own Write (humor; also known as In His Own Words), self-illustrated, Simon & Schuster (New York City), 1964
A Spaniard in the Works (humor), self-illustrated, Simon & Schuster, 1965
John Lennon's Erotic Lithographs, edited by Ralph Ginzburg, Avant-Garde Media, 1970
Bag One: A Suite of Lithographs (exhibit guide), [New York City],1971
My Mummy's Dead, Mini-Books, 1971
(With Jann Wenner) Lennon Remembers, Straight Arrow Books, 1971
The Writings of John Lennon, Simon & Schuster, 1981
Skywriting by Word of Mouth, Harper (New York City), 1986
A Canoe for Uncle Kila, by Stanley Kapepa, Polynesian Voyaging Society, 1976

Further Reference

Coleman, Ray, Lennon: The Definitive Biography, McGraw-Hill, 1984,revised HarperCentennial, 1993.
Contemporary Authors, Volume 102, Gale (Detroit, MI), 1981.
Contemporary Literary Criticism, Volume 35, Gale, 1985.
Contemporary Musicians, Volume 9, Gale, 1993.
Davies, Hunter, The Beatles: The Authorized Biography, McGraw-Hill, 1968.
Goldman, Albert, The Lives of John Lennon, Morrow, 1988.
Sheff, David, and G. Barry Golson, The Playboy Interviews with John Lennon and Yoko Ono, Berkely Books, 1981.*

Read more: John Lennon Biography (1940-1980) http://www.filmreference.com/film/66/John-Lennon.html#ixzz14W1t7yzG

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